This article discusses difficulties female couriers experience 여우알바 모바일 working part-time, and suggests that before shifting to a part-time schedule, workers should consider whether they could work a full-time schedule more flexibly.
Female couriers often experience irregular work shifts, less work schedule flexibility, and too few staff. In a study, 58 percent of the female couriers employed reported that they would prefer to work a full-time schedule. This suggests that women’s preference for flexible jobs may be greater than the demands of such jobs. Using time diary studies, it was found that even when official part-time schedules were followed, women worked 58 percent more than men for the same job in the same day. Similarly, 30 percent of part-time female workers worked more than their shift times and longer hours than their male counterparts. These findings suggest that although many women prefer part-time jobs due to its flexibility, it is not always possible to find such jobs. Women should consider whether they could work full-time with greater flexibility before opting for a job as a courier on a part-time basis.
While employers have reduced their provision of employees due to the economic downturn, women should consider that spending large amounts of money on job sharing arrangements may not always be necessary. In these cases, it can constitute a part-time position where the employee works a full-time work schedule. This could be beneficial for women in particular during certain periods of their life course, such as when they have children and need to take care of them or when their partner is available to help with childcare. It can also be useful for men who may not be able to commit to a full-time job or who may need flexibility in order to juggle other commitments and responsibilities. Job sharing can also constitute a useful flexibility tool for both men and women who are looking for different working options from those traditionally offered by employers. Therefore, when considering part time jobs, it is important that women look carefully at the flex options available and what these would mean for them in terms of work/life balance before deciding on the best option for them.
Women have lower wages than men and this reinforces part time employment for them as it is often easier to find part time jobs than full-time ones. This in turn can lead to poorer career prospects and wages. In order to foster womens’ employment, more must be done to create female employment opportunities which do not carry the associated stigma of part time work. This includes integrating women into the labor market on a gender basis, where paid and unpaid work counts the same as jobs held by men. Part-time jobs are proposed as a way to allow women to balance their responsibilities at home with those in the workplace; however, it is important that these jobs are of equal value and quality compared with those provided by men. More needs to be done in order to integrate women into the labor market on an equal footing with men, including creating more roles which offer flexible hours and better pay so that they can adequately balance their paid work and family roles.
Working part-time as a female courier is one option for women. However, this type of employment comes with its own difficulties; work shifts may be long and irregular, making it difficult to plan their daily work lives around the hours they are expected to work. Furthermore, they often lack the autonomy to determine their own work schedules and may be forced into involuntary part-time employment in order to meet the demands of employers. This constrains incomes and consequent experiences which can shape their lives daily. Repetitive work is another issue that female couriers face in such roles; making stops and making express deliveries can take up 16 hours or more of a worker’s day, leaving little time for leisure activities or family life.
This is especially true for employees of third-party courier companies, who must manage many drivers and multiple delivery stations. Delivery service partners such as Amazon facilities may require hundreds of employees to fulfill deliveries in a single region. In an interview with Business Insider, Zachariah Vargas, a courier, said that the ‘others’ in his company have to work harder and longer than him, due to the fact that they are women.
Four companies said drivers are working across four companies, delivering packages from Amazon facilities to customers. The women were denied overtime pay for delivering the packages, even though they often worked in excess of 12 hours a day. The affiliated delivery workers span 13 cities and drive delivery vans for two courier companies. Trejo loads packages from 14 third-party companies and drives them to the customer. The interview revealed that many of the workers were denied drivers when they asked for help or when they asked for overtime pay after working long hours.
This was especially true for female couriers working part-time, who were 80% of the workforce. One woman remarked that working part-timers was “feared” by a few drivers, and that wages weren’t enough to keep up with her full time colleagues. The financial insecurity caused many of them to take pay cuts and find other idleness vicious amusements in order to make ends meet. As one mill owner remarked, those workers who were scheduled for days when there were no drivers available found themselves with very little work and correspondingly low pay. Another interviewee described how the few drivers they had worked long hour days, leaving her children alone at home while she was at work. This situation made it difficult for these women to develop their careers as couriers without sacrificing family obligations.
As a result, many young children found employment as couriers. A survey conducted in 1949 found that 49 young children were working as couriers in many towns and villages. They worked alongside others performing farm labor, collecting wood and doing other jobs to supplement the family income. Additionally, they worked in factories, mills and glass factories. Some of the girls even went to work in the seafood industry or traveled to neighboring towns to perform field labor or factory work.
They justly earned an economic value for their labor and helped change the face of working class life. Unfortunately, widespread child labor was still practiced and employers continued to take advantage of exploitive practices. This only further propelled reform efforts to address this major flaw. In 1870, the United States Census Bureau conducted a special census in which it found that out of 8 children, only one consideration was given to company members and most senior members in a particular department or role. This discovery found major flaws with how some companies treated employees, particularly women in low-level positions such as couriers. With the help of NCR (National Cash Register), it became possible for women to eventually change their roles from laborers to upper-level positions. By 1890, NCR had opened up its courier department specifically for female couriers who could make deliveries and manage packages around town more efficiently than men could. This helped propel reform efforts against child labor and changed the role of female couriers in society at large.